Companion Plant Ideas for a Universal Garden

The chances are that you have several types of plants in your garden. Instead of row upon row of corn or beets, you may have tomatoes along with some herbs and perhaps some onions to keep on hand for cooking. Many of them are ideal companion plant ideas.

Fortunately, many plants play nice together and can enhance your garden in several ways. The practice isn’t new. Archaeological evidence suggests it goes back thousands of years. Nature, of course, figured it out long before humans.

Even today, it’s an excellent method for boosting production and improving plant health. We’ll discuss some effective ways to get more out of your harvest with tips for some compatible garden buddies.

1. Get a Jumpstart on Your Marinara Sauce with Tomato, Garlic, and Basil

It goes without that these three plants are delicious as a team. But, there’s more to the story than that yummy fact. Both garlic and basil can help tomatoes thrive by repelling pests. That’s one of the reasons that companion plant ideas are so useful. In this case, the garlic will keep red spider mites at bay. The aromatic basil will deter mosquitoes and flies.

And if either of these companion plants adds some flavor to our tomatoes, all the better!

2. Onions, Beets, and Cabbage. Oh, My!

These three plants do well together partly because of their similar growth patterns. Onions and cabbage also benefit the beets driving away four-legged pests too because of their stronger scents. You can put either the beets or cabbage between your onions to keep onion maggots from taking out a row of plants.

3. Bring on the Marigolds!

Marigolds such as pot marigold are excellent additions to your garden and an ingenious way to keep pests like deer and rabbits away from your plants. Rutgers New Jersey Agricultural Experiment Station Cooperative Extension reports that it is rarely damaged. That’s a good thing because it will also add a welcome splash of color for a country garden.

4. Corn and Beans Make a Perfect Match

Here is one of our favorite companion plant ideas. It’s nature’s example of the quintessential win-win situation. The corn benefits from the beans because of its nitrogen-fixing abilities. Nitrogen makes up about 80 percent of the air we breathe. Plants need it too. However, some cannot convert this nutrient to a form they can use.

Legumes like beans have nitrogen-fixing bacteria that live among their root networks. These organisms do the heavy lifting and produce a form of nitrogen that plants like corn can use. When you plant the two together, it’s like you’re fertilizing your corn—literally! So, what do beans get out of the deal? A handy stalk on which to grow!

 

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5. Find Your Roots with Radishes and Carrots

Both of these plants do well as early plantings. If the weather is on your side, you can get a few batches to get through the season. Each one uses a different part of the soil, which is helpful so that each one gets its share. Root vegetables like these two will also aerate the soil, which benefits your entire garden. We’d also suggest adding some leeks to the mix to keep the carrot flies away.

6. Fend Off Raccoons with Cucumber

Even though they look cute with their little black masks, raccoons are no friend to gardeners. That’s saying nothing about the risk they present to pets and small children. One way to keep them out of your garden is to add a cucumber plant, especially if you have corn. And if you sow some radish seeds near the cuke, you can protect them against beetles. It’ll also repel ants.

7. Grow a Summer Salad with Lettuce and Strawberries

This planting is a visual treat with the contrast of the vibrant greens against the ruby red strawberries. The berries can get a bit overzealous in the garden. But, it’s not a bad thing. They can provide a tasty cover crop for the lettuce. You can also plant them around asparagus to get the same benefit. The sprawling strawberries plants will make it hard for weeds to get established.

 

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8. Short Meets Tall with Cantaloupe and Sunflowers

The different growth patterns are the key to this companion plant pairing. The cantaloupe spreads around the sunflowers, providing the necessary cover to keep weeds from taking over your garden. The flowers take up a relatively small space so that the fruit can spread out as it pleases. Sunflowers can improve the health of your soil too through aeration, thanks to its deep roots.

9. Protect Your Hostas with Some Deer-Resistant Ferns

Hostas are an excellent addition to any landscaping design. They are easy to grow and just as simple to split to keep replenishing your supply. Unfortunately, they’re also tasty to hungry deer and rabbits. Interspersing some deer-resistant plants like cinnamon or Christmas fern can offer beautiful additions to your shade garden. Adding some herbs like catnip or horehound will help seal the deal.

10. Get a Start on Your Ratatouille with Eggplant and Peppers

Perhaps no dish celebrates summer quite like ratatouille with its delicious mix of onions, tomatoes, and zucchini. Luckily, two other ingredients, eggplant, and peppers, are BBF in the garden. You can also add a basil plant to the grouping to stave off bests and get a headstart on the flavoring for both of these vegetables.

11. It Goes Together Like Peas and Carrots

Forrest Gump knew a good combination when he talked about the strong ties between peas and carrots. It’s a natural in the garden, too. Each one has similar seasons, preferring the cooler starts and end of the growing time. Each one minds their garden manners too. You can add a bit of flavor to both with the addition of some mint or chives. The latter will protect them from aphids too.

 

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12. Season it with Parsley

Parsley is just about every plant’s best friend. As an herb, it can add a pleasant subtle flavor to potatoes, tomatoes, and asparagus. It’s a biennial that won’t take up a lot of real estate in your garden. It’s also a gorgeous garnish and a vital part of a bouquet garni. You can also add some other bouquet garni favorites, such as thyme and bay leaves to complete the mix.

Growing herbs is a smart idea that will save you some money on your grocery bill if you only use it occasionally.

13. Say it with Potatoes

Potatoes have a lot of companions in the garden that make growing these tubers a no-brainer. Members of the cabbage family along with corn and beans do well together. You can also add a horseradish plant or two to protect the potatoes from pests. Another one of our tried-and-true companion plant ideas it to add some alyssum to your garden. It will attract insects that can help manage a pest problem.

14. Build Up Your Pest Control Arsenal

Sometimes, pesticides are a necessary evil if you want a harvest. However, you still have other options, which happen to be welcome companion plants. We’ve touched on a few aromatic varieties like marigold, basil, and catnip. Some other choices you can consider include cilantro, lemon balm, lavender, and rosemary, among others.

Bear in mind that essential oils from these plants may travel to the fruits and vegetables on the vines. That can affect their flavor, for good or bad. Winemakers have reported this phenomenon in wine from grapes grown in Australia.

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15. Flavor Your Chard with Onion

We all know that a diet rich in fruits and vegetables is the best way to ensure adequate intake of all the essential nutrients. Companion plant ideas give you more opportunities to add flavor to make the produce that your family may not put on the top of their list of favorites more palatable. Planting chard and onion is one of these combos that work well.

The onion adds a delicate taste to the harvested greens while deterring insects that would feed on the leaves. Other options include chives or garlic that will offer similar insect-control benefits.

Final Thoughts About Companion Plants

Many combinations work well together because of each plant’s benefits. Some may get pest control from aromatic varieties or a ground cover to prevent a weed infestation. Others provide necessary nutrients like nitrogen-fixing legumes. Some pairings work because of their similar care. One of the best things about companion plant ideas is that it adds interest to your garden, making it a lovely focal point